The Dan Debate: The Tel Dan Inscription in Recent Research
The Tel Dan inscription was found in three fragments on Tel Dan in northern Israel in 1993 and 1994. It is one of the most controversial textual archaeological finds since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
The Tel Dan inscription was found in three fragments on Tel Dan in northern Israel in 1993 and 1994. It is one of the most controversial textual archaeological finds since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Most scholars agree that the text, which is written in Old Aramaic, is to be dated to the late ninth century BCE. It refers to a war between the Aramaeans and the northern kingdom of Israel. The text is apparently represented as authored by King Hazael of Damascus, and many scholars have discerned the names of the kings Jehoram and Ahaziah of Israel and Judah in the fragmented text.
There has been an extremely lively, and even heated, debate over both its language and its content, and it is time that a full survey of the debate should be undertaken. In his previous book, The Tel Dan Inscription: A Critical Investigation of Recent Research on its Palaeography and Philology (2006)–now distributed by Sheffield Phoenix Press–Hallvard Hagelia has examined those more technical aspects of the debate. In the present corollary volume, The Dan Debate: The Tel Dan Inscription in Recent Research, Hagelia analyses the debate on all the other more general aspects of the inscription. His own view is to support the joining of the fragments as it is done by the editors, Biran and Naveh, and to translate the controversial term bytdwd as ‘House of David’.
The debate on the Tel Dan is interesting and significant in itself, but it can also be viewed as a case study of the wider debate between the so-called ‘minimalists’ and ‘maximalists’ in Hebrew Bible scholarship. In particular Hagelia’s two books offer an notable exchange of views with George Athas’s The Tel Dan Inscription: A Reappraisal and a New Interpretation (2003).
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1 Introduction 2 The Inscription 3 The Forgery Theory 4 The Relation Between the Fragments 5 The Originator 6 The bytdwd Question 7 History of Religion 8 The Inscription’s Relation to the Bible 9 The Inscription’s Historiographic Significance 10 General Deliberations 11 Epilogue
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