Encountering Violence in the Bible
One of the fundamental questions addressed in several studies is how biblical texts justifying violence can be properly understood and used today. Other questions raised are how violent some of the often-criticized biblical passages really are and how violence can be overcome.
Our world is full of violence, with repeated acts of terrorism and generally rising rates of violent criminal acts as the most obvious forms of the phenomenon in the Western world. It even reached the peaceful shores of Norway in the summer of 2011. This was one of the reasons why the first international meeting of the Norwegian Summer Academy for Biblical Studies was devoted to the topic ‘Violence as an Ethical Challenge in the Bible’.
Eighteen biblical scholars from nine different countries (Joshua Berman, Lennart Bostršm, Friedmann Eissler, Torleif Elgvin, LarsOlov Eriksson, Karin Finsterbusch, Georg Fischer, Terence E. Fretheim, Hallvard Hagelia, Dana M. Harris, Robert L. Hubbard, Jr, ÌÉrstein Justnes, Gordon McConville, Kirsten Nielsen, Tommy Wasserman, Karl William Weyde, Peter Wick and Markus Zehnder) met on the beautiful premises of Ansgar Theological Seminary to discuss some of the most fundamental aspects of the topic. The papers presented at the conference are collected in the present volume, dealing mostly with the Hebrew Bible, but covering also the New Testament, Jewish literature from the Second Temple period and the Qur’an.
The contributions reflect a refreshing variety of scholarly and theological approaches. One of the fundamental questions addressed in several studies is how biblical texts justifying violence can be properly understood and used today. Other questions raised are how violent some of the often-criticized biblical passages really are and how violence can be overcome.
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Joshua Berman Why Must Israel Be Warriors? The Constructive Role of Warfare in Deuteronomy Lennart Boström Uzzah’s Fate (2 Samuel 6): A Theological Problem for the Modern Reader Friedmann Eissler God’s Power and Man’s Vicegerency on Earth: Violence as an Ethic al Challenge in Islam Torleif Elgvin Hasmonean State Ideology, Wars and Expansionism LarsOlov Eriksson The Enemies in Psalm 119 Karin Finsterbusch Violence against Judah and Jerusalem: The Rhetoric of Destruction within Jeremiah 1–6 Georg Fischer Who is Violent, and Why? Pharaoh and God in Exodus 1–15 as a Model for Violence in the Bible Terence E. Fretheim Violence and the God of the Old Testament Hallvard Hagelia Violence, Judgment and Ethics in the Book of Amos Dana M. Harris Understanding Images of Violence in the Book of Revelation Robert L. Hubbard, Jr Rest for the Wary: Cities of Refuge and Cycles of Violence Årstein Justnes Divine Violence and the Dead Sea Scrolls Gordon McConville Human ‘Dominion’ and Being ‘Like God’: An Exploration of Peace, Violence and Truth in the Old Testament Kirsten Nielsen The Violent God of the Old Testament: Reading Strategies and Responsibility Tommy Wasserman Lectio vehementior potior: Scribal Violence on Violent Texts? Karl William Weyde Holy War, Divine War, Yhwh War—and Ethics: On a Central Issue in Recent Research on the Hebrew Bible Peter Wick Strategies for the Prevention of the Use of Legitimate Forms of Force in the Sermon on the Mount and the Problem of Violence Markus Zehnder The Annihilation of the Canaanites—Reassessing the Brutality of the Biblical Witnesses
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