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The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew, III
Edited by David J.A. Clines
The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew is a completely new and innovative dictionary.
Unlike previous dictionaries, which have been dictionaries of biblical Hebrew, it is the first dictionary of the classical Hebrew language to cover not only the biblical texts but also Ben Sira, the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Hebrew inscriptions.
This Dictionary covers the period from the earliest times to 200 CE. It lists and analyses every occurrences of each Hebrew word that occurs in texts of that period, with an English translation of every Hebrew word and phrase cited.
Among its special features are: a list of the non-biblical texts cited (especially the Dead Sea Scrolls), a word frequency index for each letter of the alphabet, a substantial bibliography (from Volume 2 onward) and an English-Hebrew index in each volume.
See also The Concise Dictionary of Classical Hebrew, a one-volume version of The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew.
David J.A. Clines is Professor of Biblical Studies at the University of Sheffield.
The praise of BDB in 1892 may be repeated for this new dictionary. It is indeed 'a landmark and a glory for the generation which produced [it]'.
C.S. Rodd, Editor, Expository Times
Sheffield is to be congratulated on a remarkable achievement. Volume 1 proves beyond doubt that The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew is going to combine the strengths of the Gesenius-BDB tradition-thoroughness, comprehensiveness, meticulous 'old-fashioned' textual scholarship-with impeccable 20th-century linguistic theory.
J.F.A. Sawyer, Society for Old Testament Study Book List
If there is anything sensational about the contemporary study of ancient Hebrew, then one must say: It is in book form, and the book is called the Sheffield Dictionary of Classical Hebrew … Absolutely indispensable!
Bernhard Lang, Editor, Internationale Zeitschrift für Bibelwissenschaft und Grenzgebiete
If one looks up the same word in this dictionary
and in W. Baumgartner, Hebräisches und aramäisches Lexikon
zum Alten Testament, 6 vols. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1967–96), or
W. Gesenius and U. Rütersworden, Hebräisches und aramäisches
Handwörterbuch zum Alten Testament (Berlin: Springer-
Verlag, 1987–), one easily realizes the difference that this
dictionary makes. It may lack the information on cognate Semitic
languages that they supply, but it gives the idiomatic usages
that the others invariably lack or present only in brief. In
this way it goes far beyond what one can find in the woefully
out-of-date Hebrew and English Lexicon of F. Brown, S.R.
Driver, and C.A. Briggs (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1907), on
which so many students depend today. Another great advantage
of Clines's Dictionary is its inclusion of words from Qumran
and related texts, as well as from Hebrew inscriptions. Joseph A. Fitzmyer, Journal of the American Oriental Society.