Bible & The Arts
Biblical Commentaries
Biblical Languages
Hebrew Bible / Old Testament
History of the Biblical Period
Literature of the Bible
New Testament
The Trauma Bible
Theology of the Bible
Bible Bibliographies
Bible in the Modern World
Biblical Reception
Classic Reprints
Critical Commentaries
Dictionary of Classical Hebrew
Dictionary of Classical Hebrew Revised
Earth Bible Commentary
Hebrew Bible Monographs
Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism
New Testament Monographs
Readings: A New Biblical Commentary
Recent Research in Biblical Studies
Text of the Hebrew Bible
The Social World of Biblical Antiquity, First Series
The Social World of Biblical Antiquity, Second Series
Click here for titles coming soon...
Click here to view the latest titles
Click here to view the complete catalogue
Search Books & Journals
About Us
For Authors
For Customers
Contact Us

xviii + 200 pp.

£50 / $60 / €50
List Price

£15 / $25 / €22.50

2 Timothy
Craig A. Smith

In the last 150 years 2 Timothy has been the object of much scholarly scrutiny, especially over the questions of its authorship and the historical situation it presupposes. Though a few scholars today accept Pauline authorship, most have supported the view that 2 Timothy is pseudonymous, written sometime after the death of Paul. In this commentary, Smith straddles the fine line between Pauline authorship and pseudonymity, proposing that Paul is the author but that Luke is a significant contributing amanuensis.

The most significant difference between this commentary and others is Smithís rejection of the common supposition that 2 Timothy is Paulís Farewell Speech or Last Testament. On the basis of his earlier work, Timothyís Task, Paulís Prospect, Smith understands 2 Timothy as a paraenetic letter written to Timothy encouraging him in his Ephesian ministry and asking him to join Paul in Rome. Paulís perspective in this letter is thus not one of resignation to death, nor does it express Paulís sense of passing on the baton to his younger colleague; rather it envisages his expectation of release from prison and his hope of new opportunities for ministry with Timothy, Luke and Mark.

Smith understands the problem of false teaching in Ephesus to be a real problem that Timothy is facing and not a fictional situation of a subsequent time. Smith carefully elucidates the difficult situation in the church at Ephesus and its effect on Timothy, together with Paulís kindly and thoughtful admonition given as a father to a son.

Craig A. Smith is Professor of Biblical Studies at Carey Theological College, Vancouver, BC.

Series: Readings: A New Biblical Commentary
978-1-910928-04-2 hardback / 978-1-910928-05-9 paperback
Publication January 2016

2 Timothy 1.1-2: Opening
Introductory Comment
Author (1.1)
Recipient (1.2a)
Greeting (1.2b)
Changes in the Opening of 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy

2 Timothy 1.3-5: Thanksgiving
The Thanksgiving as a Distinct Literary Form
Paulís Attitude toward Ministry (1.3a)
Frequency of Paulís Prayers for Timothy (1.3b)
Paulís Desire to See Timothy (1.4-5)

2 Timothy 1.6-18: Paulís First Request for Timothy: Suffer
Shamelessly for the Gospel with Paul

Relationship between the Request and the Thanksgiving
Fan into Flame the Gift of God (1.6)
Paulís Reason for Engaging the Struggle of Ministry:
Character of the Spirit (1.7)
Timothy Is Not to Be Ashamed (1.8a)
Timothy Is to Be a Fellow Sufferer for the Gospel (1.8b)
First Basis for Paulís Request to Suffer: Godís Grace and
Sovereignty (1.9-10)
Second Basis for Paulís Request to Suffer:
Paulís Testimony (1.11-12)
Paulís Appeal for Timothy (1.13-14)
Paulís Two Examples of Servants for Timothy to
Consider (1.15-18) 4

2 Timothy 2.1-7: Paulís Second Request:
Suffer for the Ministry with Him (2.1-7)

Threefold Exhortation (2.1-3)
Three Metaphors (2.4-7)

2 Timothy 2.8-13: Paulís Basis for Suffering for the Gospel
Call to Imitate Jesus the Paragon of Suffering (2.8)
Timothyís Invitation to Imitate Paul in Suffering (2.9-10)
Faithful Saying: Support for Paulís Thesis to Suffer (2.11-13)

2 Timothy 2.14Ė3.17: Paulís Concern with the False Teachers
Paulís Charge to Timothy against False Teachers (2.14-26)
Denunciation of the False Teachers (3.1-9)
Paulís Appeal to Timothy for his Commitment to Him and
the Gospel (3.10-17)

2 Timothy 4.1-8: Paulís Final Charge to Timothy
The ĎChargeí as a Distinct Literary Form
Paulís Charge to Timothy before God (4.1) 143
Content of the Charge (4.2)
Reason for the Charge: It is a Time of Intolerance
of Truth (4.3-4)
Content of the Charge Continued (4.5)
Paulís Autobiographical Comments (4.6-7)
Implications of the Charge (4.8)

2 Timothy 4.9-22: Closing Final Remarks (4.9-18)
Final Greetings (4.19-22)