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The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew, VIII
Edited by David J.A. Clines
Scholars are gradually realizing that they cannot now do without this innovative dictionary, a benchmark for the study of Hebrew in the twenty-first century.
It is the first dictionary of the classical Hebrew language to cover not only the biblical texts but also Ben Sira, the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Hebrew inscriptions. It is the first dictionary to analyse the exact sense of every occurrence of every word, to follow every Hebrew word or phrase with an English equivalent, to print a frequency table of occurrences of each word, and to provide an English-Hebrew index.
Not least among its features is its addition of more than 3500 new words to the stock of the Hebrew lexicon, together with an extraordinarily rich bibliography surveying special lexicographical studies over the last century.
This volume completed the 8 volumes of the Dictionary proper, but a Vol. 9 of Index and Word Frequency Table was published in 2016.
See also The Concise Dictionary of Classical Hebrew, a one-volume version of The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew.
A reviewer writes:
With the appearance of Volume VIII, eighteen years after Volume I, we can celebrate the completion of what must be one of the most valuable reference works ever published. The inclusion of Ben Sira, the Qumran documents and ancient Hebrew inscriptions, which account for about a third of the data in DCH, puts this in a class of its own and … ushers in a new era in the history of Hebrew lexicography … All the relevant data on the morphology, meaning and use of each [word], with synonyms, antonyms and a full bibliography, are presented with exemplary clarity and precision and the utmost care is evident throughout in the choice of English equivalents … [T]his extraordinary achievement … J.F.A. Sawyer, Society for Old Testament Study Book List, 2013.
David J.A. Clines is Professor of Biblical Studies at the University of Sheffield.
[A] veritable treasure trove of information … a sine qua non for the field of Hebrew Bible and Northwest Semitic studies. No serious scholar can afford to be without it. Christopher A. Rollston, Catholic Biblical Quarterly.
It is fascinating to browse the work as well as to consult it, and particularly pleasurable to have such clear typography in a reference work. A.G. Salvesen, SOTS Book List.
The praise of BDB in 1892 may be repeated for this new dictionary. It is indeed 'a landmark and a glory for the generation which produced [it]'.
C.S. Rodd, Editor, Expository Times
Sheffield is to be congratulated on a remarkable achievement. Volume 1 proves beyond doubt that The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew is going to combine the strengths of the Gesenius-BDB tradition-thoroughness, comprehensiveness, meticulous 'old-fashioned' textual scholarship-with impeccable 20th-century linguistic theory.
J.F.A. Sawyer, Society for Old Testament Study Book List
If there is anything sensational about the contemporary study of ancient Hebrew, then one must say: It is in book form, and the book is called the Sheffield Dictionary of Classical Hebrew … Absolutely indispensable!
Bernhard Lang, Editor, Internationale Zeitschrift für Bibelwissenschaft und Grenzgebiete